190°

责任链模式

责任链模式:使多个对象都有机会处理请求,从而避免请求的发送者和接收者之间的耦合关系。将这些对象连成一条链,并沿着这条链发送该请求,直到有一个对象处理它为止。

类图

  • Handler:定义处理请求的接口,并且实现后继链(successor)

public abstract class Handler {
protected Handler successor;


public Handler(Handler successor) {
    this.successor = successor;
}


protected abstract void handleRequest(Request request);

}

public class ConcreteHandler1 extends Handler {

    public ConcreteHandler1(Handler successor) {
        super(successor);
    }


    @Override
    protected void handleRequest(Request request) {
        if (request.getType() == RequestType.TYPE1) {
            System.out.println(request.getName() + " is handle by ConcreteHandler1");
            return;
        }
        if (successor != null) {
            successor.handleRequest(request);
        }
    }
}
public class ConcreteHandler2 extends Handler {

    public ConcreteHandler2(Handler successor) {
        super(successor);
    }


    @Override
    protected void handleRequest(Request request) {
        if (request.getType() == RequestType.TYPE2) {
            System.out.println(request.getName() + " is handle by ConcreteHandler2");
            return;
        }
        if (successor != null) {
            successor.handleRequest(request);
        }
    }
}
public class Request {

    private RequestType type;
    private String name;


    public Request(RequestType type, String name) {
        this.type = type;
        this.name = name;
    }


    public RequestType getType() {
        return type;
    }


    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
}
public enum RequestType {
    TYPE1, TYPE2
}
public class Client {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Handler handler1 = new ConcreteHandler1(null);
        Handler handler2 = new ConcreteHandler2(handler1);

        Request request1 = new Request(RequestType.TYPE1, "request1");
        handler2.handleRequest(request1);

        Request request2 = new Request(RequestType.TYPE2, "request2");
        handler2.handleRequest(request2);
    }
}
request1 is handle by ConcreteHandler1
request2 is handle by ConcreteHandler2

 

本文由【鏡花水月】发布于开源中国,原文链接:https://my.oschina.net/u/4045381/blog/3103391

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