482°

java接口签名(Signature)实现方案续

一、前言

  由于之前写过的一片文章 (java接口签名(Signature)实现方案 )收获了很多好评,此次来说一下另一种简单粗暴的签名方案。相对于之前的签名方案,对body、paramenter、path variable的获取都做了简化的处理。也就是说这种方式针所有数据进行了签名,并不能指定某些数据进行签名。

二、签名规则

  1、线下分配appid和appsecret,针对不同的调用方分配不同的appid和appsecret

  2、加入timestamp(时间戳),10分钟内数据有效

  3、加入流水号nonce(防止重复提交),至少为10位。针对查询接口,流水号只用于日志落地,便于后期日志核查。 针对办理类接口需校验流水号在有效期内的唯一性,以避免重复请求。

  4、加入signature,所有数据的签名信息。

  以上红色字段放在请求头中。

三、签名的生成

  signature 字段生成规则如下。

   1、数据部分

  Path Variable:按照path中的字典顺序将所有value进行拼接

  Parameter:按照key=values(多个value按照字典顺序拼接)字典顺序进行拼接

  Body:从request inputstream中获取保存为String形式

       

  如果存在多种数据形式,则按照body、parameter、path variable的顺序进行再拼接,得到所有数据的拼接值。

  上述拼接的值记作 Y。

  2、请求头部分

  X=”appid=xxxnonce=xxxtimestamp=xxx”

  3、生成签名

  最终拼接值=XY

  最后将最终拼接值按照如下方法进行加密得到签名。

  signature=org.apache.commons.codec.digest.HmacUtils.AesEncodeUtil(app secret, 拼接的值);

四、签名算法实现

  注:省去了X=”appid=xxxnonce=xxxtimestamp=xxx”这部分。

  1、自定义Request对象

  为什么要自定义request对象,因为我们要获取request inputstream(默认只能获取一次)。

public class BufferedHttpServletRequest extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {

    private ByteBuf buffer;

    private final AtomicBoolean isCached = new AtomicBoolean();

    public BufferedHttpServletRequest(HttpServletRequest request, int initialCapacity) {
        super(request);
        int contentLength = request.getContentLength();
        int min = Math.min(initialCapacity, contentLength);
        if (min < 0) {
            buffer = Unpooled.buffer(0);
        } else {
            buffer = Unpooled.buffer(min, contentLength);
        }
    }


    @Override
    public ServletInputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        //Only returning data from buffer if it is readonly, which means the underlying stream is EOF or closed.
        if (isCached.get()) {
            return new NettyServletInputStream(buffer);
        }
        return new ContentCachingInputStream(super.getInputStream());
    }

    public void release() {
        buffer.release();
    }

    private class ContentCachingInputStream extends ServletInputStream {

        private final ServletInputStream is;

        public ContentCachingInputStream(ServletInputStream is) {
            this.is = is;
        }

        @Override
        public int read() throws IOException {
            int ch = this.is.read();
            if (ch != -1) {
                //Stream is EOF, set this buffer to readonly state
                buffer.writeByte(ch);
            } else {
                isCached.compareAndSet(false, true);
            }
            return ch;
        }

        @Override
        public void close() throws IOException {
            //Stream is closed, set this buffer to readonly state
            try {
                is.close();
            } finally {
                isCached.compareAndSet(false, true);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isFinished() {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not yet implemented!");
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isReady() {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not yet implemented!");
        }

        @Override
        public void setReadListener(ReadListener readListener) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not yet implemented!");
        }
    }
}

  替换默认的request对象

@Configuration
public class FilterConfig {
    @Bean
    public RequestCachingFilter requestCachingFilter() {
        return new RequestCachingFilter();
    }

    @Bean
    public FilterRegistrationBean requestCachingFilterRegistration(
            RequestCachingFilter requestCachingFilter) {
        FilterRegistrationBean bean = new FilterRegistrationBean(requestCachingFilter);
        bean.setOrder(1);
        return bean;
    }
}
public class RequestCachingFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {
    private static Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(RequestCachingFilter.class);

    @Override
    protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, FilterChain filterChain) throws ServletException, IOException {
        boolean isFirstRequest = !isAsyncDispatch(request);
        HttpServletRequest requestToUse = request;
        if (isFirstRequest && !(request instanceof BufferedHttpServletRequest)) {
            requestToUse = new BufferedHttpServletRequest(request, 1024);
        }
        try {
            filterChain.doFilter(requestToUse, response);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LOGGER.error("RequestCachingFilter>>>>>>>>>", e);
        } finally {
            this.printRequest(requestToUse);
            if (requestToUse instanceof BufferedHttpServletRequest) {
                ((BufferedHttpServletRequest) requestToUse).release();
            }
        }
    }

    private void printRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
        String body = StringUtils.EMPTY;
        try {
            if (request instanceof BufferedHttpServletRequest) {
                body = IOUtils.toString(request.getInputStream(), StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            LOGGER.error("printRequest 获取body异常...", e);
        }

        JSONObject requestJ = new JSONObject();
        JSONObject headers = new JSONObject();
        Collections.list(request.getHeaderNames())
                .stream()
                .forEach(name -> headers.put(name, request.getHeader(name)));
        requestJ.put("headers", headers);
        requestJ.put("parameters", request.getParameterMap());
        requestJ.put("body", body);
        requestJ.put("remote-user", request.getRemoteUser());
        requestJ.put("remote-addr", request.getRemoteAddr());
        requestJ.put("remote-host", request.getRemoteHost());
        requestJ.put("remote-port", request.getRemotePort());
        requestJ.put("uri", request.getRequestURI());
        requestJ.put("url", request.getRequestURL());
        requestJ.put("servlet-path", request.getServletPath());
        requestJ.put("method", request.getMethod());
        requestJ.put("query", request.getQueryString());
        requestJ.put("path-info", request.getPathInfo());
        requestJ.put("context-path", request.getContextPath());

        LOGGER.info("Request-Info: " + JSON.toJSONString(requestJ, SerializerFeature.PrettyFormat));
    }

}

  2、签名切面

@Aspect
@Component
public class SignatureAspect {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(StringUtils.class);

    @Around("execution(* com..controller..*.*(..)) " +
            "&& (@annotation(org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping)" +
            "|| @annotation(org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping)" +
            "|| @annotation(org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping)" +
            "|| @annotation(org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.DeleteMapping)" +
            "|| @annotation(org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PatchMapping))"
    )
    public Object doAround(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) throws Throwable {
        try {
            this.checkSign();
            return pjp.proceed();
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            LOGGER.error("SignatureAspect>>>>>>>>", e);
            throw e;
        }
    }

    private void checkSign() throws Exception {
        HttpServletRequest request = ((ServletRequestAttributes) (RequestContextHolder.currentRequestAttributes())).getRequest();
        String oldSign = request.getHeader("X-SIGN");
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(oldSign)) {
            throw new RuntimeException("取消签名Header[X-SIGN]信息");
        }
        //获取body(对应@RequestBody)
        String body = null;
        if (request instanceof BufferedHttpServletRequest) {
            body = IOUtils.toString(request.getInputStream(), StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
        }

        //获取parameters(对应@RequestParam)
        Map<String, String[]> params = null;
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(request.getParameterMap())) {
            params = request.getParameterMap();
        }

        //获取path variable(对应@PathVariable)
        String[] paths = null;
        ServletWebRequest webRequest = new ServletWebRequest(request, null);
        Map<String, String> uriTemplateVars = (Map<String, String>) webRequest.getAttribute(
                HandlerMapping.URI_TEMPLATE_VARIABLES_ATTRIBUTE, RequestAttributes.SCOPE_REQUEST);
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(uriTemplateVars)) {
            paths = uriTemplateVars.values().toArray(new String[]{});
        }
        try {
            String newSign = SignUtil.sign(body, params, paths);
            if (!newSign.equals(oldSign)) {
                throw new RuntimeException("签名不一致...");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("验签出错...", e);
        }
    }
}

  分别获取了request inputstream中的body信息、parameter信息、path variable信息。

  3、签名核心工具类

public class SignUtil {
    private static final String DEFAULT_SECRET = "1qaz@WSX#$%&";

    public static String sign(String body, Map<String, String[]> params, String[] paths) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
            sb.append(body).append('#');
        }

        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(params)) {
            params.entrySet()
                    .stream()
                    .sorted(Map.Entry.comparingByKey())
                    .forEach(paramEntry -> {
                        String paramValue = String.join(",", Arrays.stream(paramEntry.getValue()).sorted().toArray(String[]::new));
                        sb.append(paramEntry.getKey()).append("=").append(paramValue).append('#');
                    });
        }

        if (ArrayUtils.isNotEmpty(paths)) {
            String pathValues = String.join(",", Arrays.stream(paths).sorted().toArray(String[]::new));
            sb.append(pathValues);
        }

        String createSign = HmacUtils.hmacSha256Hex(DEFAULT_SECRET, sb.toString());
        return createSign;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String body = "{\n" +
                "\t\"name\": \"hjzgg\",\n" +
                "\t\"age\": 26\n" +
                "}";
        Map<String, String[]> params = new HashMap<>();
        params.put("var3", new String[]{"3"});
        params.put("var4", new String[]{"4"});

        String[] paths = new String[]{"1", "2"};

        System.out.println(sign(body, params, paths));
    }

}

五、签名验证

  简单写了一个包含body参数,parameter参数,path variable参数的controller

@RestController
@RequestMapping("example")
public class ExampleController {

    @PostMapping(value = "test/{var1}/{var2}", produces = MediaType.ALL_VALUE)
    public String myController(@PathVariable String var1
            , @PathVariable String var2
            , @RequestParam String var3
            , @RequestParam String var4
            , @RequestBody User user) {
        return String.join(",", var1, var2, var3, var4, user.toString());
    }

    private static class User {
        private String name;
        private int age;

        public String getName() {
            return name;
        }

        public void setName(String name) {
            this.name = name;
        }

        public int getAge() {
            return age;
        }

        public void setAge(int age) {
            this.age = age;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return new ToStringBuilder(this)
                    .append("name", name)
                    .append("age", age)
                    .toString();
        }
    }
}

  通过 签名核心工具类SignUtil 的main方法生成一个签名,通过如下命令验证

curl -X POST \
  'http://localhost:8080/example/test/1/2?var3=3&var4=4' \
  -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
  -H 'X-SIGN: 4955125a3aa2782ab3def51dc958a34ca46e5dbb345d8808590fb53e81cc2687' \
  -d '{
    "name": "hjzgg",
    "age": 26
}'

六、需要源码

  请关注订阅号,回复:signature, 便可查看。

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原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/hujunzheng/p/10178584.html

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